History western civilization; Emergence of modern world.Discussion Question: The making of class.
1. what particular challenges did rise of cities pose? how did Europeans address them?
2. Define the middle-class? how do they differ from the working-class?
3. How did families wrestles with the stresses as well as opportunities arising from industrialization and urbanization?
key term= Edwin Chadwick, Benthamism, miasmatic theory , germ theory, baron Georges Haussmann (1809-1894), middle class, working, separate spheres,” Modern Housewife”, ” Mrs. Beeton’s of Household Management” (1850/1861)