The country best known for the state approach in the 1980s, where the government played a central role in economic decision-making was:
(A) United States
(B) Soviet Union
(C) United Kingdom
One result of the Green Revolution of the 1970s was:
(A) a reduction in the amount of chemical fertilizers used for crop growth.
(B) new inbred seeds becoming more resistant to diseases than traditional seeds.
(C) a reduced need for irrigation, dramatically saving fresh water resources.
(D) improved soil quality from new technology that also polluted water sources.
Current models of climate change indicate that:
(A) the majority of people are moving away from urban areas and into rural areas.
(B) the majority of the world’s population will live in cities by the year 2050.
(C) scientific advancements are leading to a decrease in greenhouse gas emissions.
(D) an increase in world economic growth will lead to a decrease of fossil fuels.
Of the Earth’s current population, approximately how much of the population is chronically malnourished?
(A) 400 million
(B) 6 billion
(C) 300 million
(D) 800 million
With respect to farming trends in the developing world, which of the following is true?
(A) The inadequate drainage of water may lead to the loss of arable land.
(B) Irrigations systems are leading to an increase of arable land.
(C) Soil is becoming more toxic, harming farmland.
(D) Crop rotation to replenish nutrients is becoming less necessary.
Which is most likely to occur if we continue with current practices in farming and resource usage?
(A) There will be an increase in people moving from urban to rural areas.
(B) There will be an increase in the prices of commodities.
(C) There will be a decrease in the use of fossil fuels by developed countries.
(D) There will be a decrease in the number of people living in developing countries.
We can expect all of these in the future, except:
(A) a sustained increase in the prices of commodities.
(B) a growth in global greenhouse gas emissions.
(C) a decrease in the use of coal as an energy source.
(D) a long-term decline of soil quality.
Which of the following factors contributes most to soil erosion?
(A) rural migration
(C) urban migration
(D) climate cooling
Based on Figure 3.2 in your textbook, which of the following countries have a relatively high dependency on agricultural output for their Gross Domestic Product (GDP)?
(A) United States, Brazil, and Australia
(B) Canada, Russia, and France
(C) India, Egypt, and Vietnam
(D) Saudi Arabia, Mexico, and Libya
Using Figure 2.2, what area has seen the most significant increase in the number of people living in extreme poverty since 1981?
(A) Sub-Saharan Africa
(B) South Asia
(C) East Asia and Pacific
(D) Middle East and North Africa
Which of the following is not a fossil fuel?
(A) natural gas
Based on what you read in the required readings, which scenario is the most likely to happen?
(A) A country’s economy will grow if it can rely on cheap energy resources.
(B) A country’s low energy costs will result in a rise in inflation.
(C) The high oil prices in a country will lead to high economic growth.
(D) The low energy costs of a country will result in high trade deficits.
According to the book, scientific evidence suggests which of the following to be most true?
(A) An increase of greenhouse gas emissions will see a decrease in pollution.
(B) An increase of greenhouse gas emissions will see a decrease in the ozone layer.
(C) An increase of greenhouse gas emissions will see an increase in the level of the Earth’s oceans.
(D) An increase of greenhouse gas emissions will see a decrease in global ocean temperatures.
Most people in the developing world use which of the following resources for fuel?
Select the pair of words that are best associated together.
(A) hydrogen, Hiroshima
(B) uranium, Nagasaki
(C) atomic, plutonium
(D) fusion, thermonuclear
When we refer to ‘sustainable’ development, we mean:
(A) Economic development that replenishes itself and reinforces the needs of the present.
(B) Economies that are based on the free market exchange of goods and services.
(C) Economic development that meets current needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
(D) Economic development in one country that sustains or reinforces the economic development in another country.
Two of the most damaging gases currently released into the atmosphere are:
(A) chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and Carbon
(B) chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and Methane
(C) chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and CO2
(D) CO2 and Methane
When we consider the growth of the Earth’s human population from the years 8000 BCE until 2011, the curve of people, relative to the year, takes the form of the letter:
What 18th century social philosopher predicted that the Earth’s population would eventually surpass its production of food?
(A) Karl Marx
(B) Thomas Malthus
(C) Indira Gandhi
(D) Andrew Jackson
Which country is best known for its large tar sands deposits that generate oil?